Month: April 2024

25.04.2024 "Science News" acknowledges our work

We are proud to announce that the remarkable discovery of altermagnetism of our group are presented in an article from Science News. The presence of a new magnetic class which might lead to fast eco-friendly electronic devices is reaching further interest in general science. This underlines the impact of our current research and will bring even more interest into the research field.

You can find the article here.

24.04.2024 New Publication in Altermagnetism

A publication with Jairo Sinova, Libor Šmejkal, Atasi Chakraborty and Rafael González Hernández about strain-induced phase transitions from antiferromagnets to altermagnets has been published in Physical Review B.

A key challenge for future applications and functionalization of altermagnets is to demonstrate controlled transitioning to the altermagnetic phase from other conventional phases in a single material. Here they prove a viable path toward overcoming this challenge through a strain-induced transition from an antiferromagnetic to an altermagnetic phase in ReO2. Combining spin group symmetry analysis and ab initio calculations, they demonstrate that under compressive strain ReO2 undergoes such transition, lifting the Kramers degeneracy of the band structure of the antiferromagnetic phase in the nonrelativistic regime. In addition, they show that this magnetic transition is accompanied by a metal-insulator transition, and calculate the distinct spin-polarized spectral functions of the two phases, which can be detected in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy experiments.

You can find the publication under Phys. Rev. B 109, 144421 (2024).

23.04.2024 New Publication in Altermagnetism

A publication with Libor Šmejkal about x-ray magnetic circular dichroism in altermagnetic -MnTe has been published in Physical Review Letters.

In this work they use symmetry, ab initio theory, and experiments to explore x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) in the altermagnetic class. As a representative material for our XMCD study they choose -MnTe with compensated antiparallel magnetic order in which an anomalous Hall effect has been already demonstrated. They predict and experimentally confirm a characteristic XMCD line shape for compensated moments lying in a plane perpendicular to the light propagation vector. Their results highlight the distinct phenomenology in altermagnets of this time-reversal symmetry breaking response, and its potential utility for element-specific spectroscopy and microscopy.

You can find the publication under Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 176701 (2024).

12.04.2024 New Publication in Spintronics

A publication with Olena Gomonay about current-controlled chirality dynamics in a mesoscopic magnetic domain wall has been published in Physical Review B.

Chirality as internal degree of freedom of a mesoscopic domain wall inside a quasi-one-dimensional fixture can be controlled by spin-polarized current for ferro- as well as antiferromagnetic domain walls. They show that the current density required for the chirality manipulation can be significantly reduced in the low-temperature regime where the chirality dynamics exhibits quantum effects. In this quantum regime, weak currents can excite Bloch oscillations of the domain wall angular rotation velocity, with the oscillation frequency proportional to the current, modulated by a much higher magnon-range frequency. In addition to that, the Wannier-Stark localization effects enable controlled switching between different chiral states, suppressing inertial effects characteristic for the classical regime. They also show that for recently discovered novel class of magnetic materials — altermagnets — chirality switching can be driven by the usual charge current (not spin polarized).

You can find the publication under Phys. Rev. B 109, 134418 (2024).

06.04.2024 New publication in Antiferromagnetic Spintronics

A publication with Jairo Sinova, Libor Šmejkal, Nayra Alvarez and Venkata K. Bharadwaj about Strain control of band topology and surface states in antiferromagnetic EuCd2As2 has been published in Physical Review B.

They investigate via ab initio density functional theory calculations, the effects of shear strain on the bulk and surface states in two antiferromagnetic EuCd2⁢As2 phases with out-of-plane and in-plane spin configurations. When magnetic moments are along the axis, a 3% longitudinal or diagonal shear strain can tune the Dirac semimetal phase to an axion insulator phase, characterized by the parity-based invariant 4⁢=2. For an in-plane magnetic order, the axion insulator phase remains robust under all shear strains. They further find that for both magnetic orders, the bulk gap increases, and a surface gap opens on the (001) surface up to 16 meV. Because of a nonzero 4⁢ index and gapped states on the (001) surface, hinge modes are expected to happen on the side surface states between those gapped surface states. This result can provide valuable insight into the realization of the long-sought axion states.

You can find the publication under Phys. Rev. B 109, 195117 (2024).